Cienfuegos, Cuba

One of the later colonial cities of Cuba, Cienfuegos was founded by French nationals in 1819, yet it is inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site for its remarkable concentration of 19th century architecture. The Castle of Jagua at the entrance to the bay actually predates the city, erected in 1745 to protect shipping from pirates. An overnight stay allows visits to the city's highlights, as well as cultural experiences such as classes in Cuban dance and visits to two other UNESCO Heritage sites: the earlier colonial towns of Santa Clara and Trinidad.